Nonlinearity of quantum dot waveguide helps entangle photons

European physicists have studied in detail the interaction of single photons in a photonic crystal waveguide containing a quantum dot. They showed that by varying the duration of the pulses and their delay, it is possible to achieve varying degrees of nonlinearity, as well as control the degree of correlation of light quanta. The study… Continue reading Nonlinearity of quantum dot waveguide helps entangle photons

Ornithologists have described a new bird species from the subantarctic islands

Ornithologists have described a new species of bird that lives on the Diego Ramirez Islands south of South America. It is called the subantarctic rayadito. In the past, the local population was thought to be the spiny-tailed rayadito, which is widespread in Chile and Argentina. However, the analysis showed that individuals from the Diego Ramirez… Continue reading Ornithologists have described a new bird species from the subantarctic islands

Hormone injections improve cognitive performance in Down syndrome

Injections of a hormone from the hypothalamus, which is responsible for the development of the genital organs and is commonly used to treat infertility, have been able to improve cognitive performance in people with Down syndrome. This was discovered by European scientists who conducted a study on seven young men. After six months of living… Continue reading Hormone injections improve cognitive performance in Down syndrome

Ice-resistant self-propelled platform “North Pole” went on its first voyage

The research vessel North Pole has set out on its maiden voyage, the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute said in a statement. It will carry an expedition to the Central Arctic, which will continue the research of the region begun in the 1930s. The 41st Arctic drifting polar station will continue regular research of the… Continue reading Ice-resistant self-propelled platform “North Pole” went on its first voyage

Short breaks during the day helped workers cope with fatigue

Small breaks during the workday help you feel more alert, less tired and more productive. This was found by Romanian psychologists who conducted a meta-analysis of 22 studies published over the past 30 years. Article published in the magazine PLoS ONE. In modern culture, work and personal space no longer have clear boundaries, and more… Continue reading Short breaks during the day helped workers cope with fatigue

MOXIE received 50 grams of oxygen from the Martian atmosphere in 9 hours

The team of the MOXIE experiment to obtain oxygen from the Martian atmosphere presented the results of its work on Mars for 2021. The device installed on the Perseverance rover worked for a total of almost 9 hours, during which time it generated 50 grams of oxygen suitable for human use. Thus, on the basis… Continue reading MOXIE received 50 grams of oxygen from the Martian atmosphere in 9 hours

Biochemists have discovered the mechanism behind the red coloration of birds

Biochemists from the USA and Portugal have discovered how in vertebrate cells yellow carotenoid pigments are converted into red ketocarotenoids, which are responsible for the red coloration of some vertebrates. It turned out that this transformation requires two enzymes, and the third, auxiliary, plays the role of a carrier of reacting molecules. The study was… Continue reading Biochemists have discovered the mechanism behind the red coloration of birds

An organometallic cocatalyst helped produce ammonia by electrolysis

Chemists from the USA have found a cobalt-based cocatalyst, which, together with a tungsten-based catalyst, makes it possible to effectively produce ammonia from nitrogen under electrolysis conditions. Thanks to this combination of catalysts, the process was able to be carried out at a relatively high potential of −1.35 volts and with a current efficiency of… Continue reading An organometallic cocatalyst helped produce ammonia by electrolysis

Supernova 1181 fits the model of the merger of two white dwarfs

Astronomers from six countries have confirmed the idea that supernova SN 1181 AD, which exploded in 1181, represents the second remnant of a rare type of Iax supernova confirmed in the Milky Way. It is assumed that two carbon-oxygen white dwarfs or a massive carbon-oxygen dwarf with a helium companion merged without the resulting white… Continue reading Supernova 1181 fits the model of the merger of two white dwarfs

Astronomers have limited the lifetime of the first “intra-Venus” asteroid

Astronomers presented the results of studies of the recently discovered asteroid Ailohchahnim, whose orbit lies entirely within the orbit of Venus. It turned out that the body has a diameter of 1.7 kilometers, it can be classified as a silicate asteroid and in 1-2 million years it can collide with the inner planets or even… Continue reading Astronomers have limited the lifetime of the first “intra-Venus” asteroid