Poor protein utilization contributes to neurodegeneration

Neurodegeneration can occur more quickly if nerve cells lack retromer proteins, which are responsible for breaking down toxic tau protein. This conclusion was reached by scientists who observed genetically modified fruit flies that produced human tau protein in 39 neurons of the eye. Tau protein itself already caused the death of nerve cells, and the… Continue reading Poor protein utilization contributes to neurodegeneration

Heterogeneous catalyst reduces the cost of synthesis of cyclic polymers

Chemists from the USA, South Korea, Hungary and Switzerland have developed a heterogeneous ruthenium-based catalyst for the synthesis of cyclic polymers from cyclopentene. They also managed to come up with a reaction installation that makes it easy to separate the catalyst from the reaction products. The study was published in Nature Chemistry. Linear polymers containing… Continue reading Heterogeneous catalyst reduces the cost of synthesis of cyclic polymers

Wooden sickles more than 7,000 years old found in Italy

Archaeologists presented the results of a study of three wooden sickles discovered during underwater excavations at the Early Neolithic site of La Marmotta in Italy. It turned out that these tools were made more than seven thousand years ago from oak and wood belonging to the rose family. Ancient people used resin from pine trees… Continue reading Wooden sickles more than 7,000 years old found in Italy

Hormone injections improve cognitive performance in Down syndrome

Injections of a hormone from the hypothalamus, which is responsible for the development of the genital organs and is commonly used to treat infertility, have been able to improve cognitive performance in people with Down syndrome. This was discovered by European scientists who conducted a study on seven young men. After six months of living… Continue reading Hormone injections improve cognitive performance in Down syndrome

The algorithm determined the mouse's pain level based on its muzzle expression

American scientists have developed a cloud platform that can assess the severity of pain in black laboratory mice. She analyzes the expression of the animal's face – the position of its nose, ears, whiskers and the degree of squinting of the eyes. Previously, researchers coped with this task manually, but, as the results show, the… Continue reading The algorithm determined the mouse's pain level based on its muzzle expression

Hamsters from the wet slopes of the Andes turned out to be larger than their relatives from the arid plains

Zoologists from Argentina, the USA and Chile have discovered that plateau hamsters Abrothrix hirta from the wet western slopes of the Andes are larger than relatives that inhabit the arid plains east of this mountain range. This pattern is explained by the fact that the abundance of precipitation has a positive effect on the growth… Continue reading Hamsters from the wet slopes of the Andes turned out to be larger than their relatives from the arid plains

Biochemists have discovered the mechanism behind the red coloration of birds

Biochemists from the USA and Portugal have discovered how in vertebrate cells yellow carotenoid pigments are converted into red ketocarotenoids, which are responsible for the red coloration of some vertebrates. It turned out that this transformation requires two enzymes, and the third, auxiliary, plays the role of a carrier of reacting molecules. The study was… Continue reading Biochemists have discovered the mechanism behind the red coloration of birds

The smell of a woman prevented an antidepressant from calming mice

Scientists from the USA and Cyprus have found that the gender of the experimenter can influence the results of medical experiments on mice. It turned out that the smell of men causes stress in animals and a desire to escape from its source. But if a man injects a mouse with an antidepressant, its effect… Continue reading The smell of a woman prevented an antidepressant from calming mice

The genome of the “immortal” jellyfish has been sequenced

Spanish scientists have compiled a list of genes that are likely responsible for the “immortality” of the jellyfish Turritopsis dohrnii. To do this, they sequenced its genome and compared it with the genome of a jellyfish. Turritopsis rubra. It turned out that the “immortal” jellyfish, unlike its relative, acquired additional copies – up to eight… Continue reading The genome of the “immortal” jellyfish has been sequenced

The return of bison has made the prairie vegetation more diverse

The reintroduction of bison to areas of the prairie where they once lived but were exterminated by humans has a positive effect on the local flora, American ecologists have found. After analyzing the results of an experiment lasting about thirty years, they found that in the presence of bison, the species diversity of prairie plants… Continue reading The return of bison has made the prairie vegetation more diverse