Poor protein utilization contributes to neurodegeneration

Neurodegeneration can occur more quickly if nerve cells lack retromer proteins, which are responsible for breaking down toxic tau protein. This conclusion was reached by scientists who observed genetically modified fruit flies that produced human tau protein in 39 neurons of the eye. Tau protein itself already caused the death of nerve cells, and the… Continue reading Poor protein utilization contributes to neurodegeneration

Nonlinearity of quantum dot waveguide helps entangle photons

European physicists have studied in detail the interaction of single photons in a photonic crystal waveguide containing a quantum dot. They showed that by varying the duration of the pulses and their delay, it is possible to achieve varying degrees of nonlinearity, as well as control the degree of correlation of light quanta. The study… Continue reading Nonlinearity of quantum dot waveguide helps entangle photons

The first South Korean lunar probe sent the first photo of the Earth and the Moon

The Danuri probe, which became South Korea's first lunar probe, sent back to Earth the first image of the Earth and the Moon. Thus, engineers confirmed the functionality of the camera, which examined the far side of the Moon from an unusual distance, according to the website of the Korean Astronomy and Space Science Institute… Continue reading The first South Korean lunar probe sent the first photo of the Earth and the Moon

Bushfire smoke raised temperatures in Australia by three degrees

British climatologists studied the distribution of smoke in the stratosphere after bushfires in Australia in 2019–2020. They found that black carbon particles in the smoke increased the average temperature in the lower stratosphere by 0.7 degrees worldwide, with temperatures rising by three degrees over Australia. Additionally, the reaction of smoke and ozone has caused the… Continue reading Bushfire smoke raised temperatures in Australia by three degrees

Ice-resistant self-propelled platform “North Pole” went on its first voyage

The research vessel North Pole has set out on its maiden voyage, the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute said in a statement. It will carry an expedition to the Central Arctic, which will continue the research of the region begun in the 1930s. The 41st Arctic drifting polar station will continue regular research of the… Continue reading Ice-resistant self-propelled platform “North Pole” went on its first voyage

The algorithm determined the mouse's pain level based on its muzzle expression

American scientists have developed a cloud platform that can assess the severity of pain in black laboratory mice. She analyzes the expression of the animal's face – the position of its nose, ears, whiskers and the degree of squinting of the eyes. Previously, researchers coped with this task manually, but, as the results show, the… Continue reading The algorithm determined the mouse's pain level based on its muzzle expression

Engineers have learned to touch the touch screen without contact

Engineers from China and Germany have created the GhostTouch device, which allows contactless control of capacitive touch screens, taking advantage of their design features and susceptibility to electromagnetic interference. The device can accurately simulate taps and swipes in different directions on the screens of many popular smartphones without touching them. Despite the fact that the… Continue reading Engineers have learned to touch the touch screen without contact

Metasurfaces emit entangled photons with variable wavelengths

American and German physicists have fabricated thin metasurfaces consisting of arrays of silicon nanocavities that exhibit spontaneous parametric scattering. They showed that such structures are capable of generating entangled photons. Unlike traditional media used for this, metasurfaces have greater flexibility, which allows the wavelength of the resulting photons to be changed by changing the pump… Continue reading Metasurfaces emit entangled photons with variable wavelengths

The January eruption of the Tonga volcano triggered a 90 meter high tsunami.

The initial height of the tsunami caused by the eruption of the Hunga Tonga Hunga Ha'apai volcano on January 15, 2022 was 90 meters. These conclusions were reached by researchers from the UK, New Zealand, Croatia and Japan, who analyzed changes in atmospheric pressure and sea level and created nine models of a volcanic tsunami.… Continue reading The January eruption of the Tonga volcano triggered a 90 meter high tsunami.

Archaeologists have found well-preserved fragments of Roman frescoes from a 2,000-year-old temple

Archaeologists have discovered fragments of frescoes during excavations of the 2,000-year-old Temple of Cupra in the Italian commune of Cupra Marittima, CNN reports. They are made in the third Pompeian style. Surviving interior frescoes of this kind are rare. Cupra Marittima, due to its location on the Adriatic coast, was an important port city and… Continue reading Archaeologists have found well-preserved fragments of Roman frescoes from a 2,000-year-old temple