Wooden sickles more than 7,000 years old found in Italy

Archaeologists presented the results of a study of three wooden sickles discovered during underwater excavations at the Early Neolithic site of La Marmotta in Italy. It turned out that these tools were made more than seven thousand years ago from oak and wood belonging to the rose family. Ancient people used resin from pine trees… Continue reading Wooden sickles more than 7,000 years old found in Italy

Hamsters from the wet slopes of the Andes turned out to be larger than their relatives from the arid plains

Zoologists from Argentina, the USA and Chile have discovered that plateau hamsters Abrothrix hirta from the wet western slopes of the Andes are larger than relatives that inhabit the arid plains east of this mountain range. This pattern is explained by the fact that the abundance of precipitation has a positive effect on the growth… Continue reading Hamsters from the wet slopes of the Andes turned out to be larger than their relatives from the arid plains

Traces of cockroach ootheca found in Jomon period ceramics

Archaeologists have examined 4,000- to 5,300-year-old Jomon period pottery discovered in Japan. In five artifacts they found traces of cockroach ootheca. One of them was laid by Japanese cockroaches (Periplaneta japonica), the rest look like smoky cockroaches (P. fulinginosa). Previously, it was believed that the latter species was brought to Japan only in the 18th–19th… Continue reading Traces of cockroach ootheca found in Jomon period ceramics

Ancient Tarim people were found among the ancestors of modern inhabitants of the Pamirs

Geneticists investigated the origins of speakers of Turkic and Indo-European languages ​​from Central Asia, for which they sequenced the DNA of 131 people and combined the data obtained with previously published ancient and modern genomes. It turned out that the origin of the Kyrgyz can be modeled from two components: the population of Xinjiang of… Continue reading Ancient Tarim people were found among the ancestors of modern inhabitants of the Pamirs

The Event Horizon Telescope saw the bend of the distant blazar's jet

The Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) has captured the most detailed image yet of the interior of the relativistic jet blazar J1924-2914, whose light took 3.5 billion years to reach Earth. It turned out that as it moves away from the core, the jet begins to bend, and toroidal magnetic fields can act in the region… Continue reading The Event Horizon Telescope saw the bend of the distant blazar's jet

The CHEOPS telescope confirmed the discovery of two exoplanets near the “Valley of Sub-Neptunes”

Astronomers using ground-based telescopes and the CHEOPS space telescope have confirmed the discovery of two exoplanets around an orange dwarf close to the Sun. One of the planets is a super-Earth and falls in the poorly explained “sub-Neptune valley”, and the second was classified as a sub-Neptune and is located near the “valley”. A preprint… Continue reading The CHEOPS telescope confirmed the discovery of two exoplanets near the “Valley of Sub-Neptunes”

The population of the ancient Carthaginian city turned out to be genetically diverse

Paleogeneticists have read 30 genomes of ancient inhabitants of Tunisia, central Italy and Sardinia dating back to the Iron Age. In all regions, they found both descendants of more ancient local populations and immigrants from other territories. Thus, in the necropolis near the Carthaginian city of Kerkuan there were the remains of the descendants of… Continue reading The population of the ancient Carthaginian city turned out to be genetically diverse

Physicists made photons interfere with magnons

Chinese physicists have demonstrated quantum interference between waves of different natures, namely between photons and magnons. They repeated the Hong-Wu-Mandel experiment, where dark polaritons excited in an atomic cloud acted as a beam splitter. By controlling the properties of polaritons using an additional laser, scientists could change the nature of the interference from bosonic to… Continue reading Physicists made photons interfere with magnons

DNA dating back 30,000 to 70,000 years was found in a Levantine cave.

Paleogeneticists read DNA from Pleistocene sediment samples recovered from Israel's Sephunima Cave. In layers ranging from 30 to 70 thousand years old, they were able to find fragments of mitochondrial DNA from representatives of the deer and hyena families. These are the oldest examples for deposits originating from a region with a climate similar to… Continue reading DNA dating back 30,000 to 70,000 years was found in a Levantine cave.

Paleogeneticists read the genome of the “warrior with a griffin” from Nestor’s palace

Paleogeneticists have studied the origins of populations whose history is known from written sources. They discovered that the Mycenaeans arose from the mixing of Minoans and migrants whose origins were connected with the Eurasian steppe. However, the famous “warrior with a griffin,” whose rich burial was found in Pylos several years ago, did not have… Continue reading Paleogeneticists read the genome of the “warrior with a griffin” from Nestor’s palace