Nonlinearity of quantum dot waveguide helps entangle photons

European physicists have studied in detail the interaction of single photons in a photonic crystal waveguide containing a quantum dot. They showed that by varying the duration of the pulses and their delay, it is possible to achieve varying degrees of nonlinearity, as well as control the degree of correlation of light quanta. The study… Continue reading Nonlinearity of quantum dot waveguide helps entangle photons

In Norway, a repaired arrow from an unlucky hunter was found that had melted from under the ice.

Archaeologists have discovered in Norway the shaft of a medieval arrow, the broken shank of which was repaired by a hunter using sinew. However, apparently, then he was unsuccessful again and his shot missed the target, burying the arrow for several centuries under snow and ice. As the Secrets of the Ice project team reports… Continue reading In Norway, a repaired arrow from an unlucky hunter was found that had melted from under the ice.

The first South Korean lunar probe sent the first photo of the Earth and the Moon

The Danuri probe, which became South Korea's first lunar probe, sent back to Earth the first image of the Earth and the Moon. Thus, engineers confirmed the functionality of the camera, which examined the far side of the Moon from an unusual distance, according to the website of the Korean Astronomy and Space Science Institute… Continue reading The first South Korean lunar probe sent the first photo of the Earth and the Moon

Bushfire smoke raised temperatures in Australia by three degrees

British climatologists studied the distribution of smoke in the stratosphere after bushfires in Australia in 2019–2020. They found that black carbon particles in the smoke increased the average temperature in the lower stratosphere by 0.7 degrees worldwide, with temperatures rising by three degrees over Australia. Additionally, the reaction of smoke and ozone has caused the… Continue reading Bushfire smoke raised temperatures in Australia by three degrees

Archaeologists have discovered a bronze figurine of Jupiter in Taman

Archaeologists explored the ancient settlement of Red October-1, located in Taman. As a result of this work, they established that the fortified settlement arose at the turn of the 6th–5th centuries BC and existed until the modern era. Among the rare artifacts discovered at this site were a gray clay lamp in the shape of… Continue reading Archaeologists have discovered a bronze figurine of Jupiter in Taman

Hamsters from the wet slopes of the Andes turned out to be larger than their relatives from the arid plains

Zoologists from Argentina, the USA and Chile have discovered that plateau hamsters Abrothrix hirta from the wet western slopes of the Andes are larger than relatives that inhabit the arid plains east of this mountain range. This pattern is explained by the fact that the abundance of precipitation has a positive effect on the growth… Continue reading Hamsters from the wet slopes of the Andes turned out to be larger than their relatives from the arid plains

Astronomers have not found a dense atmosphere near a hot super-Earth

Astronomers, thanks to the TESS and Spitzer telescopes, have determined that the hot super-Earth GJ 1252b is not capable of having a dense atmosphere, even with a high initial pressure at the surface of the planet or a high carbon content in the magma. Instead, it may be surrounded only by a tenuous exosphere, replenished… Continue reading Astronomers have not found a dense atmosphere near a hot super-Earth

Metasurfaces emit entangled photons with variable wavelengths

American and German physicists have fabricated thin metasurfaces consisting of arrays of silicon nanocavities that exhibit spontaneous parametric scattering. They showed that such structures are capable of generating entangled photons. Unlike traditional media used for this, metasurfaces have greater flexibility, which allows the wavelength of the resulting photons to be changed by changing the pump… Continue reading Metasurfaces emit entangled photons with variable wavelengths

Supernova 1181 fits the model of the merger of two white dwarfs

Astronomers from six countries have confirmed the idea that supernova SN 1181 AD, which exploded in 1181, represents the second remnant of a rare type of Iax supernova confirmed in the Milky Way. It is assumed that two carbon-oxygen white dwarfs or a massive carbon-oxygen dwarf with a helium companion merged without the resulting white… Continue reading Supernova 1181 fits the model of the merger of two white dwarfs

Superfluorescence on single nanoparticles was obtained at room temperature

American physicists were able to induce anti-Stokes superfluorescence of one or several lanthanide-doped nanoparticles at room temperature. The rate of collective emission of ions turned out to be four orders of magnitude greater than ordinary luminescence. This research opens the way to the use of single nanoparticles in the creation of optical processors. The study… Continue reading Superfluorescence on single nanoparticles was obtained at room temperature