The first South Korean lunar probe sent the first photo of the Earth and the Moon

The Danuri probe, which became South Korea's first lunar probe, sent back to Earth the first image of the Earth and the Moon. Thus, engineers confirmed the functionality of the camera, which examined the far side of the Moon from an unusual distance, according to the website of the Korean Astronomy and Space Science Institute… Continue reading The first South Korean lunar probe sent the first photo of the Earth and the Moon

Hormone injections improve cognitive performance in Down syndrome

Injections of a hormone from the hypothalamus, which is responsible for the development of the genital organs and is commonly used to treat infertility, have been able to improve cognitive performance in people with Down syndrome. This was discovered by European scientists who conducted a study on seven young men. After six months of living… Continue reading Hormone injections improve cognitive performance in Down syndrome

MOXIE received 50 grams of oxygen from the Martian atmosphere in 9 hours

The team of the MOXIE experiment to obtain oxygen from the Martian atmosphere presented the results of its work on Mars for 2021. The device installed on the Perseverance rover worked for a total of almost 9 hours, during which time it generated 50 grams of oxygen suitable for human use. Thus, on the basis… Continue reading MOXIE received 50 grams of oxygen from the Martian atmosphere in 9 hours

Compression socks protected the intestines of marathon runners from damage

Australian sports doctors, with the participation of fifty runners, studied how compression socks affect the effects of running on the digestive system. After the marathon, those who ran in knee socks had lower levels of a protein marker of small intestinal damage. In an article published in The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Researchthe authors… Continue reading Compression socks protected the intestines of marathon runners from damage

Biochemists have discovered the mechanism behind the red coloration of birds

Biochemists from the USA and Portugal have discovered how in vertebrate cells yellow carotenoid pigments are converted into red ketocarotenoids, which are responsible for the red coloration of some vertebrates. It turned out that this transformation requires two enzymes, and the third, auxiliary, plays the role of a carrier of reacting molecules. The study was… Continue reading Biochemists have discovered the mechanism behind the red coloration of birds

Astronomers have not found a dense atmosphere near a hot super-Earth

Astronomers, thanks to the TESS and Spitzer telescopes, have determined that the hot super-Earth GJ 1252b is not capable of having a dense atmosphere, even with a high initial pressure at the surface of the planet or a high carbon content in the magma. Instead, it may be surrounded only by a tenuous exosphere, replenished… Continue reading Astronomers have not found a dense atmosphere near a hot super-Earth

The January eruption of the Tonga volcano triggered a 90 meter high tsunami.

The initial height of the tsunami caused by the eruption of the Hunga Tonga Hunga Ha'apai volcano on January 15, 2022 was 90 meters. These conclusions were reached by researchers from the UK, New Zealand, Croatia and Japan, who analyzed changes in atmospheric pressure and sea level and created nine models of a volcanic tsunami.… Continue reading The January eruption of the Tonga volcano triggered a 90 meter high tsunami.

“James Webb” for the first time reliably found carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of an exoplanet

The James Webb Infrared Space Observatory has for the first time reliably detected carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of an exoplanet. The target of the observations was the hot Saturn WASP-39b, and their results will help test models for the formation of the exoplanet. A preprint of the work was published on arXiv.org. Carbon dioxide… Continue reading “James Webb” for the first time reliably found carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of an exoplanet

James Webb captures its most extensive deep sky image yet

As part of the CEERS sky survey, the James Webb Infrared Space Telescope captured its record-breaking wide-angle deep image of a patch of sky in the constellation Ursa Major. It contains a huge number of galaxies that existed at different stages in the life of the Universe, including one of the candidates for a record-distant… Continue reading James Webb captures its most extensive deep sky image yet

Scientists introduced bacteria into artificial urine and obtained phosphate stones

Polish physicists and chemists modeled the formation of phosphate kidney stones using artificial urine and uropathogenic bacteria. Experiments in vitro in combination with computer modeling showed that the region of optimal pH values ​​(pH-optimum) for the formation of struvite, a component of phosphate stones, lies in the range of 8–9, shifting to the neutral side… Continue reading Scientists introduced bacteria into artificial urine and obtained phosphate stones