Chemists have found ideal conditions for the hydrogen borrowing reaction

Chemists from Russia studied the hydrogen borrowing reaction necessary for the formation of carbon-nitrogen bonds. They found that it often does not require a catalyst at all, and also developed recommendations for successfully carrying out the reaction in the laboratory. The study was published in the journal Journal of Catalysis. Organic compounds containing an NH… Continue reading Chemists have found ideal conditions for the hydrogen borrowing reaction

Astronomer Frank Drake dies

On Friday, September 2, 2022, at the age of 93, American astronomer Frank Drake, who became one of the pioneers of the search for radio signals from extraterrestrial civilizations, died. He is also one of the creators of the records for the Pioneer and Voyager probes and the Arecibo radio message, according to the SETI… Continue reading Astronomer Frank Drake dies

Ozonation of the air caused the skin to create an oxidative field around a person

Chemists from Germany, the USA and Denmark have found that substances secreted by human skin lead to the formation of an oxidative field around it. Scientists placed four people in a sealed mock-up office and began ozonizing the air to a level close to the maximum permissible concentrations. The experiment showed that ozone interacts with… Continue reading Ozonation of the air caused the skin to create an oxidative field around a person

MOXIE received 50 grams of oxygen from the Martian atmosphere in 9 hours

The team of the MOXIE experiment to obtain oxygen from the Martian atmosphere presented the results of its work on Mars for 2021. The device installed on the Perseverance rover worked for a total of almost 9 hours, during which time it generated 50 grams of oxygen suitable for human use. Thus, on the basis… Continue reading MOXIE received 50 grams of oxygen from the Martian atmosphere in 9 hours

Mirror light nuclei differed from heavy ones in the frequency of nucleon pair production

Physicists from 13 countries presented the results of a study of the relative frequency of production of short-range two-nucleon correlations in the lightest mirror nuclei containing three nucleons. The data were obtained for a certain kinematic range during electron scattering by nuclei. The collaboration found that in light nuclei, neutron-proton pairs are formed approximately twice… Continue reading Mirror light nuclei differed from heavy ones in the frequency of nucleon pair production

Astronomers have not found a dense atmosphere near a hot super-Earth

Astronomers, thanks to the TESS and Spitzer telescopes, have determined that the hot super-Earth GJ 1252b is not capable of having a dense atmosphere, even with a high initial pressure at the surface of the planet or a high carbon content in the magma. Instead, it may be surrounded only by a tenuous exosphere, replenished… Continue reading Astronomers have not found a dense atmosphere near a hot super-Earth

An organometallic cocatalyst helped produce ammonia by electrolysis

Chemists from the USA have found a cobalt-based cocatalyst, which, together with a tungsten-based catalyst, makes it possible to effectively produce ammonia from nitrogen under electrolysis conditions. Thanks to this combination of catalysts, the process was able to be carried out at a relatively high potential of −1.35 volts and with a current efficiency of… Continue reading An organometallic cocatalyst helped produce ammonia by electrolysis

Supernova 1181 fits the model of the merger of two white dwarfs

Astronomers from six countries have confirmed the idea that supernova SN 1181 AD, which exploded in 1181, represents the second remnant of a rare type of Iax supernova confirmed in the Milky Way. It is assumed that two carbon-oxygen white dwarfs or a massive carbon-oxygen dwarf with a helium companion merged without the resulting white… Continue reading Supernova 1181 fits the model of the merger of two white dwarfs

Superfluorescence on single nanoparticles was obtained at room temperature

American physicists were able to induce anti-Stokes superfluorescence of one or several lanthanide-doped nanoparticles at room temperature. The rate of collective emission of ions turned out to be four orders of magnitude greater than ordinary luminescence. This research opens the way to the use of single nanoparticles in the creation of optical processors. The study… Continue reading Superfluorescence on single nanoparticles was obtained at room temperature

“James Webb” for the first time reliably found carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of an exoplanet

The James Webb Infrared Space Observatory has for the first time reliably detected carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of an exoplanet. The target of the observations was the hot Saturn WASP-39b, and their results will help test models for the formation of the exoplanet. A preprint of the work was published on arXiv.org. Carbon dioxide… Continue reading “James Webb” for the first time reliably found carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of an exoplanet