Wooden sickles more than 7,000 years old found in Italy

Archaeologists presented the results of a study of three wooden sickles discovered during underwater excavations at the Early Neolithic site of La Marmotta in Italy. It turned out that these tools were made more than seven thousand years ago from oak and wood belonging to the rose family. Ancient people used resin from pine trees… Continue reading Wooden sickles more than 7,000 years old found in Italy

Traces of cockroach ootheca found in Jomon period ceramics

Archaeologists have examined 4,000- to 5,300-year-old Jomon period pottery discovered in Japan. In five artifacts they found traces of cockroach ootheca. One of them was laid by Japanese cockroaches (Periplaneta japonica), the rest look like smoky cockroaches (P. fulinginosa). Previously, it was believed that the latter species was brought to Japan only in the 18th–19th… Continue reading Traces of cockroach ootheca found in Jomon period ceramics

Ancient Tarim people were found among the ancestors of modern inhabitants of the Pamirs

Geneticists investigated the origins of speakers of Turkic and Indo-European languages ​​from Central Asia, for which they sequenced the DNA of 131 people and combined the data obtained with previously published ancient and modern genomes. It turned out that the origin of the Kyrgyz can be modeled from two components: the population of Xinjiang of… Continue reading Ancient Tarim people were found among the ancestors of modern inhabitants of the Pamirs

Lipids on ceramics made it possible to clarify the time of existence of the Botai settlement

Scientists conducted a study of lipids on ceramics found in Kazakhstan at two ancient settlements of the Botai and Makhanjar cultures. They found remains of horse fat on many fragments of vessels, and for a number of samples they were able to obtain direct radiocarbon dates. Together with previously obtained data, this made it possible… Continue reading Lipids on ceramics made it possible to clarify the time of existence of the Botai settlement

The population of the ancient Carthaginian city turned out to be genetically diverse

Paleogeneticists have read 30 genomes of ancient inhabitants of Tunisia, central Italy and Sardinia dating back to the Iron Age. In all regions, they found both descendants of more ancient local populations and immigrants from other territories. Thus, in the necropolis near the Carthaginian city of Kerkuan there were the remains of the descendants of… Continue reading The population of the ancient Carthaginian city turned out to be genetically diverse

Paleogeneticists read the genome of the “warrior with a griffin” from Nestor’s palace

Paleogeneticists have studied the origins of populations whose history is known from written sources. They discovered that the Mycenaeans arose from the mixing of Minoans and migrants whose origins were connected with the Eurasian steppe. However, the famous “warrior with a griffin,” whose rich burial was found in Pylos several years ago, did not have… Continue reading Paleogeneticists read the genome of the “warrior with a griffin” from Nestor’s palace

Analysis of 777 ancient genomes clarifies the origins of paleometal populations

Paleogeneticists analyzed 777 ancient genomes from Anatolia, southeastern Europe and western Asia, spanning the last ten thousand years of human history. Focusing on the Palaeometallic Age, scientists found that there was no gene flow from Europe to Anatolia during the entire Bronze Age. In addition, they clarified the influence of representatives of the Yamnaya culture… Continue reading Analysis of 777 ancient genomes clarifies the origins of paleometal populations

The earliest farmers formed from three ancestral populations

Paleogeneticists have discovered that the origins of West Asian populations from the Pre-Pottery Neolithic can be modeled from three ancestral groups: the Epi-Paleolithic inhabitants of Anatolia, representatives of the Natufian culture, and hunter-gatherers from the Caucasus or Iran. They also found that the Pre-Pottery Neolithic in Anatolia appears to be associated with a population that… Continue reading The earliest farmers formed from three ancestral populations

Pork protein corneas restored vision to 20 patients with keratoconus

Swedish scientists have developed corneal prostheses based on collagen from pig skin. In a pilot trial involving Indian and Iranian researchers, the prostheses helped restore vision to 20 patients with keratoconus. The report on the work was published in the journal Nature Biotechnology. The cornea is the anterior most convex part of the fibrous membrane… Continue reading Pork protein corneas restored vision to 20 patients with keratoconus

Belief in luck and predictions linked to the Human Development Index

Belief in the supernatural is widespread throughout the world, but belief in luck and fortune telling is strongest in some countries in South Asia and Eastern Europe, including Latvia, Russia, Indonesia and Singapore. And the least susceptible to such beliefs are the inhabitants of Protestant Europe. Australian scientists came to this conclusion after analyzing data… Continue reading Belief in luck and predictions linked to the Human Development Index