Chemists have found ideal conditions for the hydrogen borrowing reaction

Chemists from Russia studied the hydrogen borrowing reaction necessary for the formation of carbon-nitrogen bonds. They found that it often does not require a catalyst at all, and also developed recommendations for successfully carrying out the reaction in the laboratory. The study was published in the journal Journal of Catalysis. Organic compounds containing an NH… Continue reading Chemists have found ideal conditions for the hydrogen borrowing reaction

MOXIE received 50 grams of oxygen from the Martian atmosphere in 9 hours

The team of the MOXIE experiment to obtain oxygen from the Martian atmosphere presented the results of its work on Mars for 2021. The device installed on the Perseverance rover worked for a total of almost 9 hours, during which time it generated 50 grams of oxygen suitable for human use. Thus, on the basis… Continue reading MOXIE received 50 grams of oxygen from the Martian atmosphere in 9 hours

A galaxy merger could extinguish a burst of star formation.

Astronomers have found for the first time an example of the result of the merger of two galaxies, where the merger process itself inhibited the formation of new stars, throwing out most of the cold gas reserves from the galaxies. In the case of SDSS J1448+1010, about 47 percent of the material needed to form… Continue reading A galaxy merger could extinguish a burst of star formation.

James Webb finds organic molecules in icy particles around a very young protostar

The James Webb Infrared Space Telescope has reliably discovered a number of organic molecules, including complex ones, in the composition of ice particles in the core of the very young protovesche IRAS 15398−3359. In addition, the telescope examined the structure of one of the outflows of matter from the protostar, which consists of four shells.… Continue reading James Webb finds organic molecules in icy particles around a very young protostar

Ancient Tarim people were found among the ancestors of modern inhabitants of the Pamirs

Geneticists investigated the origins of speakers of Turkic and Indo-European languages ​​from Central Asia, for which they sequenced the DNA of 131 people and combined the data obtained with previously published ancient and modern genomes. It turned out that the origin of the Kyrgyz can be modeled from two components: the population of Xinjiang of… Continue reading Ancient Tarim people were found among the ancestors of modern inhabitants of the Pamirs

Watering with ethyl alcohol protected the rhizome from drought

Japanese geneticists have proposed increasing the drought resistance of plants using ethanol. They watered Tal's rhizomes (Arabidopsis thaliana) with a weak alcohol solution for three days and showed that this helped the plants survive the subsequent three-week drought. In response to alcohol, the plant activates the synthesis of the stress phytohormone, abscisic acid, which helps… Continue reading Watering with ethyl alcohol protected the rhizome from drought

Coffee enhanced the nicotine effect of the first morning cigarette

American researchers explained the biochemical basis of the influence of coffee on the effect of smoking the first cigarette in the morning: coffee components block receptors with high sensitivity and enhance the action of receptors with low sensitivity, which require more of the substance to activate, but which give a stronger response. The results of… Continue reading Coffee enhanced the nicotine effect of the first morning cigarette

Half of the cytoplasm was taken from a living cell and its transcript was sequenced

Swiss scientists have proposed and developed a method that allows them to decipher the transcriptome of individual cells without killing them. To do this, they performed a biopsy of the cytoplasm and sequenced the resulting genetic material. Scientists have used this technique to separate different types of morphologically similar cells and describe how the expression… Continue reading Half of the cytoplasm was taken from a living cell and its transcript was sequenced

Medieval English monks suffered from intestinal parasites

Paleoparasitologists conducted a study of materials from two medieval necropolises in Cambridge. It turned out that the Augustinians suffered from intestinal parasites almost twice as often as ordinary townspeople. In total, scientists studied samples from 44 burials, 19 of which contained eggs of helminths – human roundworms and whipworms. This was reported in an article… Continue reading Medieval English monks suffered from intestinal parasites

Metal glasses turned out to be partially liquid

Chinese physicists have studied in detail the internal dynamics accompanying the mechanical relaxation of metallic glasses at different temperatures. They analyzed its parameters in a variety of glasses and liquids, and also carried out detailed simulations of vitrified and liquid aluminum and lanthanum atoms. Scientists have proven that some of the atoms in metallic glasses… Continue reading Metal glasses turned out to be partially liquid