Heterogeneous catalyst reduces the cost of synthesis of cyclic polymers

Chemists from the USA, South Korea, Hungary and Switzerland have developed a heterogeneous ruthenium-based catalyst for the synthesis of cyclic polymers from cyclopentene. They also managed to come up with a reaction installation that makes it easy to separate the catalyst from the reaction products. The study was published in Nature Chemistry. Linear polymers containing… Continue reading Heterogeneous catalyst reduces the cost of synthesis of cyclic polymers

Nonlinearity of quantum dot waveguide helps entangle photons

European physicists have studied in detail the interaction of single photons in a photonic crystal waveguide containing a quantum dot. They showed that by varying the duration of the pulses and their delay, it is possible to achieve varying degrees of nonlinearity, as well as control the degree of correlation of light quanta. The study… Continue reading Nonlinearity of quantum dot waveguide helps entangle photons

In Norway, a repaired arrow from an unlucky hunter was found that had melted from under the ice.

Archaeologists have discovered in Norway the shaft of a medieval arrow, the broken shank of which was repaired by a hunter using sinew. However, apparently, then he was unsuccessful again and his shot missed the target, burying the arrow for several centuries under snow and ice. As the Secrets of the Ice project team reports… Continue reading In Norway, a repaired arrow from an unlucky hunter was found that had melted from under the ice.

Chemists have found ideal conditions for the hydrogen borrowing reaction

Chemists from Russia studied the hydrogen borrowing reaction necessary for the formation of carbon-nitrogen bonds. They found that it often does not require a catalyst at all, and also developed recommendations for successfully carrying out the reaction in the laboratory. The study was published in the journal Journal of Catalysis. Organic compounds containing an NH… Continue reading Chemists have found ideal conditions for the hydrogen borrowing reaction

Physicists have reproduced the chirping effect at the Kukulcan Pyramid

Colombian physicists have reproduced the unusual acoustic effect observed at the Temple of Kukulcan, located on the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico. The echo of hand clapping at the base of the pyramid resembles the chirping or chirping of a bird. Simulations showed that this effect occurs due to the addition of many waves reflected from… Continue reading Physicists have reproduced the chirping effect at the Kukulcan Pyramid

Spectrometer based on LEGO constructor will make studying physics cheaper

German physics teachers made a universal spectrometer in the Czerny-Turner scheme using LEGO constructors and scrap materials. The authors showed that it can be used to study the spectra of atomic emission, transmission, reflection and fluorescence. Reconfiguring the device for different tasks takes a few minutes, and the total cost of the device does not… Continue reading Spectrometer based on LEGO constructor will make studying physics cheaper

Bushfire smoke raised temperatures in Australia by three degrees

British climatologists studied the distribution of smoke in the stratosphere after bushfires in Australia in 2019–2020. They found that black carbon particles in the smoke increased the average temperature in the lower stratosphere by 0.7 degrees worldwide, with temperatures rising by three degrees over Australia. Additionally, the reaction of smoke and ozone has caused the… Continue reading Bushfire smoke raised temperatures in Australia by three degrees

Physicists were able to obtain acoustic frequency combs at 10 gigahertz

American physicists have manufactured a hybrid system from a nonlinear oscillatory circuit and an acoustic resonator connected by a piezoelectric contact. This combination made it possible to impart nonlinearity to acoustic modes at a frequency of 10 gigahertz. The authors were able to generate coherent acoustic frequency combs in their setup, which will help combat… Continue reading Physicists were able to obtain acoustic frequency combs at 10 gigahertz

James Webb takes its first direct image of an exoplanet

The James Webb Infrared Space Observatory has captured its first direct image of superjupiter HIP 65426b as it orbits the yellow-white dwarf in a wide orbit. The image made it possible to clarify the parameters of the planet and prove the high efficiency of the observatory in direct observations of exoplanets. A preprint of the… Continue reading James Webb takes its first direct image of an exoplanet

MOXIE received 50 grams of oxygen from the Martian atmosphere in 9 hours

The team of the MOXIE experiment to obtain oxygen from the Martian atmosphere presented the results of its work on Mars for 2021. The device installed on the Perseverance rover worked for a total of almost 9 hours, during which time it generated 50 grams of oxygen suitable for human use. Thus, on the basis… Continue reading MOXIE received 50 grams of oxygen from the Martian atmosphere in 9 hours