Chemists have found ideal conditions for the hydrogen borrowing reaction

Chemists from Russia studied the hydrogen borrowing reaction necessary for the formation of carbon-nitrogen bonds. They found that it often does not require a catalyst at all, and also developed recommendations for successfully carrying out the reaction in the laboratory. The study was published in the journal Journal of Catalysis. Organic compounds containing an NH… Continue reading Chemists have found ideal conditions for the hydrogen borrowing reaction

Physicists have reproduced the chirping effect at the Kukulcan Pyramid

Colombian physicists have reproduced the unusual acoustic effect observed at the Temple of Kukulcan, located on the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico. The echo of hand clapping at the base of the pyramid resembles the chirping or chirping of a bird. Simulations showed that this effect occurs due to the addition of many waves reflected from… Continue reading Physicists have reproduced the chirping effect at the Kukulcan Pyramid

Physicists have proven the importance of the mesoscale for quantum phase transitions

Low-temperature phase transitions in ferromagnets are characterized by destruction of the domain structure. In an article in Nature physicists write that for a theoretical description of the dynamics of such transitions, it is necessary to take into account not only microscopic, but also mesoscale symmetry. This discovery indicates the possibility of the existence of non-classical… Continue reading Physicists have proven the importance of the mesoscale for quantum phase transitions

Hormone injections improve cognitive performance in Down syndrome

Injections of a hormone from the hypothalamus, which is responsible for the development of the genital organs and is commonly used to treat infertility, have been able to improve cognitive performance in people with Down syndrome. This was discovered by European scientists who conducted a study on seven young men. After six months of living… Continue reading Hormone injections improve cognitive performance in Down syndrome

A burial of a woman from the Koban culture with a bronze mirror was found in the Stavropol region

Archaeologists have discovered the grave of a woman 20–25 years old in the north-west of the Stavropol Territory. The accompanying grave goods and funeral rites made it possible to attribute this find to the Western Koban culture and date it to the second half of the 8th century BC. Among the artifacts found, scientists identified… Continue reading A burial of a woman from the Koban culture with a bronze mirror was found in the Stavropol region

Mirror light nuclei differed from heavy ones in the frequency of nucleon pair production

Physicists from 13 countries presented the results of a study of the relative frequency of production of short-range two-nucleon correlations in the lightest mirror nuclei containing three nucleons. The data were obtained for a certain kinematic range during electron scattering by nuclei. The collaboration found that in light nuclei, neutron-proton pairs are formed approximately twice… Continue reading Mirror light nuclei differed from heavy ones in the frequency of nucleon pair production

Biochemists have discovered the mechanism behind the red coloration of birds

Biochemists from the USA and Portugal have discovered how in vertebrate cells yellow carotenoid pigments are converted into red ketocarotenoids, which are responsible for the red coloration of some vertebrates. It turned out that this transformation requires two enzymes, and the third, auxiliary, plays the role of a carrier of reacting molecules. The study was… Continue reading Biochemists have discovered the mechanism behind the red coloration of birds

Metasurfaces emit entangled photons with variable wavelengths

American and German physicists have fabricated thin metasurfaces consisting of arrays of silicon nanocavities that exhibit spontaneous parametric scattering. They showed that such structures are capable of generating entangled photons. Unlike traditional media used for this, metasurfaces have greater flexibility, which allows the wavelength of the resulting photons to be changed by changing the pump… Continue reading Metasurfaces emit entangled photons with variable wavelengths

Daily inhalation of laughing gas left the patient unable to walk

American doctors described in The New England Journal of Medicine rare medical case. A patient was admitted to the hospital with symptoms of severe vitamin B deficiency.12 – impaired sensitivity and coordination of movements, up to the inability to walk. It turned out that over the past two months he had been inhaling nitrous oxide… Continue reading Daily inhalation of laughing gas left the patient unable to walk

An organometallic cocatalyst helped produce ammonia by electrolysis

Chemists from the USA have found a cobalt-based cocatalyst, which, together with a tungsten-based catalyst, makes it possible to effectively produce ammonia from nitrogen under electrolysis conditions. Thanks to this combination of catalysts, the process was able to be carried out at a relatively high potential of −1.35 volts and with a current efficiency of… Continue reading An organometallic cocatalyst helped produce ammonia by electrolysis