Nonlinearity of quantum dot waveguide helps entangle photons

European physicists have studied in detail the interaction of single photons in a photonic crystal waveguide containing a quantum dot. They showed that by varying the duration of the pulses and their delay, it is possible to achieve varying degrees of nonlinearity, as well as control the degree of correlation of light quanta. The study… Continue reading Nonlinearity of quantum dot waveguide helps entangle photons

Physicists have reproduced the chirping effect at the Kukulcan Pyramid

Colombian physicists have reproduced the unusual acoustic effect observed at the Temple of Kukulcan, located on the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico. The echo of hand clapping at the base of the pyramid resembles the chirping or chirping of a bird. Simulations showed that this effect occurs due to the addition of many waves reflected from… Continue reading Physicists have reproduced the chirping effect at the Kukulcan Pyramid

Spectrometer based on LEGO constructor will make studying physics cheaper

German physics teachers made a universal spectrometer in the Czerny-Turner scheme using LEGO constructors and scrap materials. The authors showed that it can be used to study the spectra of atomic emission, transmission, reflection and fluorescence. Reconfiguring the device for different tasks takes a few minutes, and the total cost of the device does not… Continue reading Spectrometer based on LEGO constructor will make studying physics cheaper

Physicists have proven the importance of the mesoscale for quantum phase transitions

Low-temperature phase transitions in ferromagnets are characterized by destruction of the domain structure. In an article in Nature physicists write that for a theoretical description of the dynamics of such transitions, it is necessary to take into account not only microscopic, but also mesoscale symmetry. This discovery indicates the possibility of the existence of non-classical… Continue reading Physicists have proven the importance of the mesoscale for quantum phase transitions

Physicists were able to obtain acoustic frequency combs at 10 gigahertz

American physicists have manufactured a hybrid system from a nonlinear oscillatory circuit and an acoustic resonator connected by a piezoelectric contact. This combination made it possible to impart nonlinearity to acoustic modes at a frequency of 10 gigahertz. The authors were able to generate coherent acoustic frequency combs in their setup, which will help combat… Continue reading Physicists were able to obtain acoustic frequency combs at 10 gigahertz

Mirror light nuclei differed from heavy ones in the frequency of nucleon pair production

Physicists from 13 countries presented the results of a study of the relative frequency of production of short-range two-nucleon correlations in the lightest mirror nuclei containing three nucleons. The data were obtained for a certain kinematic range during electron scattering by nuclei. The collaboration found that in light nuclei, neutron-proton pairs are formed approximately twice… Continue reading Mirror light nuclei differed from heavy ones in the frequency of nucleon pair production

Metasurfaces emit entangled photons with variable wavelengths

American and German physicists have fabricated thin metasurfaces consisting of arrays of silicon nanocavities that exhibit spontaneous parametric scattering. They showed that such structures are capable of generating entangled photons. Unlike traditional media used for this, metasurfaces have greater flexibility, which allows the wavelength of the resulting photons to be changed by changing the pump… Continue reading Metasurfaces emit entangled photons with variable wavelengths

Superfluorescence on single nanoparticles was obtained at room temperature

American physicists were able to induce anti-Stokes superfluorescence of one or several lanthanide-doped nanoparticles at room temperature. The rate of collective emission of ions turned out to be four orders of magnitude greater than ordinary luminescence. This research opens the way to the use of single nanoparticles in the creation of optical processors. The study… Continue reading Superfluorescence on single nanoparticles was obtained at room temperature

Astronomers have found a record-breaking planetary nebula

Astronomers using ground-based telescopes have confirmed the discovery of a new planetary nebula in the Milky Way, which is the remnant of a star 2.8 times more massive than the Sun. The kinematic age of the nebula turned out to be record-breaking and amounted to 78 thousand years; it is part of an open star… Continue reading Astronomers have found a record-breaking planetary nebula

An antilaser with a degenerate cavity turned out to be an excellent absorber

Physicists combined the idea of ​​a coherent ideal absorber (antilaser) with the concept of a degenerate resonator. The constructed optical system effectively absorbs light incident on it from various angles, and its operation has proven to be resistant to typical interference in optical communication lines. The study was published in Science. Absorption is an important… Continue reading An antilaser with a degenerate cavity turned out to be an excellent absorber