Ornithologists have described a new bird species from the subantarctic islands

Ornithologists have described a new species of bird that lives on the Diego Ramirez Islands south of South America. It is called the subantarctic rayadito. In the past, the local population was thought to be the spiny-tailed rayadito, which is widespread in Chile and Argentina. However, the analysis showed that individuals from the Diego Ramirez… Continue reading Ornithologists have described a new bird species from the subantarctic islands

Wooden sickles more than 7,000 years old found in Italy

Archaeologists presented the results of a study of three wooden sickles discovered during underwater excavations at the Early Neolithic site of La Marmotta in Italy. It turned out that these tools were made more than seven thousand years ago from oak and wood belonging to the rose family. Ancient people used resin from pine trees… Continue reading Wooden sickles more than 7,000 years old found in Italy

Physicists have reproduced the chirping effect at the Kukulcan Pyramid

Colombian physicists have reproduced the unusual acoustic effect observed at the Temple of Kukulcan, located on the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico. The echo of hand clapping at the base of the pyramid resembles the chirping or chirping of a bird. Simulations showed that this effect occurs due to the addition of many waves reflected from… Continue reading Physicists have reproduced the chirping effect at the Kukulcan Pyramid

Physicists have proven the importance of the mesoscale for quantum phase transitions

Low-temperature phase transitions in ferromagnets are characterized by destruction of the domain structure. In an article in Nature physicists write that for a theoretical description of the dynamics of such transitions, it is necessary to take into account not only microscopic, but also mesoscale symmetry. This discovery indicates the possibility of the existence of non-classical… Continue reading Physicists have proven the importance of the mesoscale for quantum phase transitions

The algorithm determined the mouse's pain level based on its muzzle expression

American scientists have developed a cloud platform that can assess the severity of pain in black laboratory mice. She analyzes the expression of the animal's face – the position of its nose, ears, whiskers and the degree of squinting of the eyes. Previously, researchers coped with this task manually, but, as the results show, the… Continue reading The algorithm determined the mouse's pain level based on its muzzle expression

Biochemists have discovered the mechanism behind the red coloration of birds

Biochemists from the USA and Portugal have discovered how in vertebrate cells yellow carotenoid pigments are converted into red ketocarotenoids, which are responsible for the red coloration of some vertebrates. It turned out that this transformation requires two enzymes, and the third, auxiliary, plays the role of a carrier of reacting molecules. The study was… Continue reading Biochemists have discovered the mechanism behind the red coloration of birds

An organometallic cocatalyst helped produce ammonia by electrolysis

Chemists from the USA have found a cobalt-based cocatalyst, which, together with a tungsten-based catalyst, makes it possible to effectively produce ammonia from nitrogen under electrolysis conditions. Thanks to this combination of catalysts, the process was able to be carried out at a relatively high potential of −1.35 volts and with a current efficiency of… Continue reading An organometallic cocatalyst helped produce ammonia by electrolysis

Ancient Tarim people were found among the ancestors of modern inhabitants of the Pamirs

Geneticists investigated the origins of speakers of Turkic and Indo-European languages ​​from Central Asia, for which they sequenced the DNA of 131 people and combined the data obtained with previously published ancient and modern genomes. It turned out that the origin of the Kyrgyz can be modeled from two components: the population of Xinjiang of… Continue reading Ancient Tarim people were found among the ancestors of modern inhabitants of the Pamirs

Burial of a woman with a 1,400-year-old folding chair unearthed in Germany

Archaeologists have discovered the burial of a woman in Middle Franconia who died at approximately 40–50 years of age around 600 AD. Among her accompanying equipment was a folding iron chair. This is only the second such discovery from the early Middle Ages made in Germany. This was reported in a press release from the… Continue reading Burial of a woman with a 1,400-year-old folding chair unearthed in Germany

The return of bison has made the prairie vegetation more diverse

The reintroduction of bison to areas of the prairie where they once lived but were exterminated by humans has a positive effect on the local flora, American ecologists have found. After analyzing the results of an experiment lasting about thirty years, they found that in the presence of bison, the species diversity of prairie plants… Continue reading The return of bison has made the prairie vegetation more diverse