Archaeologists presented the results of a study of three wooden sickles discovered during underwater excavations at the Early Neolithic site of La Marmotta in Italy. It turned out that these tools were made more than seven thousand years ago from oak and wood belonging to the rose family. Ancient people used resin from pine trees… Continue reading Wooden sickles more than 7,000 years old found in Italy
The Danuri probe, which became South Korea's first lunar probe, sent back to Earth the first image of the Earth and the Moon. Thus, engineers confirmed the functionality of the camera, which examined the far side of the Moon from an unusual distance, according to the website of the Korean Astronomy and Space Science Institute… Continue reading The first South Korean lunar probe sent the first photo of the Earth and the Moon
Chemists from Russia studied the hydrogen borrowing reaction necessary for the formation of carbon-nitrogen bonds. They found that it often does not require a catalyst at all, and also developed recommendations for successfully carrying out the reaction in the laboratory. The study was published in the journal Journal of Catalysis. Organic compounds containing an NH… Continue reading Chemists have found ideal conditions for the hydrogen borrowing reaction
German physics teachers made a universal spectrometer in the Czerny-Turner scheme using LEGO constructors and scrap materials. The authors showed that it can be used to study the spectra of atomic emission, transmission, reflection and fluorescence. Reconfiguring the device for different tasks takes a few minutes, and the total cost of the device does not… Continue reading Spectrometer based on LEGO constructor will make studying physics cheaper
British climatologists studied the distribution of smoke in the stratosphere after bushfires in Australia in 2019–2020. They found that black carbon particles in the smoke increased the average temperature in the lower stratosphere by 0.7 degrees worldwide, with temperatures rising by three degrees over Australia. Additionally, the reaction of smoke and ozone has caused the… Continue reading Bushfire smoke raised temperatures in Australia by three degrees
The research vessel North Pole has set out on its maiden voyage, the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute said in a statement. It will carry an expedition to the Central Arctic, which will continue the research of the region begun in the 1930s. The 41st Arctic drifting polar station will continue regular research of the… Continue reading Ice-resistant self-propelled platform “North Pole” went on its first voyage
The Voyager 1 team solved the problem of sending anomalous telemetry that had been coming from the probe for several months. It turned out that the cause of the failure was a faulty on-board computer, which was mistakenly assigned the operation of sending data. The problem has now been fixed, according to NASA's website. Voyagers… Continue reading NASA has fixed a glitch in Voyager 1's telemetry sending system.
Scientists conducted a study of lipids on ceramics found in Kazakhstan at two ancient settlements of the Botai and Makhanjar cultures. They found remains of horse fat on many fragments of vessels, and for a number of samples they were able to obtain direct radiocarbon dates. Together with previously obtained data, this made it possible… Continue reading Lipids on ceramics made it possible to clarify the time of existence of the Botai settlement
Chemical experts from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) analyzed 85 milk replacers from eight different plants and found that most of them were low in phosphorus, magnesium, zinc and selenium – micronutrients of which cow's milk is an important source. The exception was drinks made from legumes – in some of these minerals… Continue reading Plant milk is inferior to cow milk in terms of micronutrient content
Paleogeneticists read DNA from Pleistocene sediment samples recovered from Israel's Sephunima Cave. In layers ranging from 30 to 70 thousand years old, they were able to find fragments of mitochondrial DNA from representatives of the deer and hyena families. These are the oldest examples for deposits originating from a region with a climate similar to… Continue reading DNA dating back 30,000 to 70,000 years was found in a Levantine cave.