Poor protein utilization contributes to neurodegeneration

Neurodegeneration can occur more quickly if nerve cells lack retromer proteins, which are responsible for breaking down toxic tau protein. This conclusion was reached by scientists who observed genetically modified fruit flies that produced human tau protein in 39 neurons of the eye. Tau protein itself already caused the death of nerve cells, and the… Continue reading Poor protein utilization contributes to neurodegeneration

Heterogeneous catalyst reduces the cost of synthesis of cyclic polymers

Chemists from the USA, South Korea, Hungary and Switzerland have developed a heterogeneous ruthenium-based catalyst for the synthesis of cyclic polymers from cyclopentene. They also managed to come up with a reaction installation that makes it easy to separate the catalyst from the reaction products. The study was published in Nature Chemistry. Linear polymers containing… Continue reading Heterogeneous catalyst reduces the cost of synthesis of cyclic polymers

Nonlinearity of quantum dot waveguide helps entangle photons

European physicists have studied in detail the interaction of single photons in a photonic crystal waveguide containing a quantum dot. They showed that by varying the duration of the pulses and their delay, it is possible to achieve varying degrees of nonlinearity, as well as control the degree of correlation of light quanta. The study… Continue reading Nonlinearity of quantum dot waveguide helps entangle photons

Ornithologists have described a new bird species from the subantarctic islands

Ornithologists have described a new species of bird that lives on the Diego Ramirez Islands south of South America. It is called the subantarctic rayadito. In the past, the local population was thought to be the spiny-tailed rayadito, which is widespread in Chile and Argentina. However, the analysis showed that individuals from the Diego Ramirez… Continue reading Ornithologists have described a new bird species from the subantarctic islands

Wooden sickles more than 7,000 years old found in Italy

Archaeologists presented the results of a study of three wooden sickles discovered during underwater excavations at the Early Neolithic site of La Marmotta in Italy. It turned out that these tools were made more than seven thousand years ago from oak and wood belonging to the rose family. Ancient people used resin from pine trees… Continue reading Wooden sickles more than 7,000 years old found in Italy

Chemists have found ideal conditions for the hydrogen borrowing reaction

Chemists from Russia studied the hydrogen borrowing reaction necessary for the formation of carbon-nitrogen bonds. They found that it often does not require a catalyst at all, and also developed recommendations for successfully carrying out the reaction in the laboratory. The study was published in the journal Journal of Catalysis. Organic compounds containing an NH… Continue reading Chemists have found ideal conditions for the hydrogen borrowing reaction

Physicists have reproduced the chirping effect at the Kukulcan Pyramid

Colombian physicists have reproduced the unusual acoustic effect observed at the Temple of Kukulcan, located on the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico. The echo of hand clapping at the base of the pyramid resembles the chirping or chirping of a bird. Simulations showed that this effect occurs due to the addition of many waves reflected from… Continue reading Physicists have reproduced the chirping effect at the Kukulcan Pyramid

Spectrometer based on LEGO constructor will make studying physics cheaper

German physics teachers made a universal spectrometer in the Czerny-Turner scheme using LEGO constructors and scrap materials. The authors showed that it can be used to study the spectra of atomic emission, transmission, reflection and fluorescence. Reconfiguring the device for different tasks takes a few minutes, and the total cost of the device does not… Continue reading Spectrometer based on LEGO constructor will make studying physics cheaper

The burial of a “vampire woman” with a sickle on her neck and a castle on her leg was found in Poland.

Archaeologists have discovered the burial of a “vampire woman” in Poland dating back to the 17th century. An iron sickle lay across the deceased's neck, and there was a padlock on the big toe of her left foot. As reported by Arkeonews, perhaps the reason for the unusual ritual was the appearance of the deceased.… Continue reading The burial of a “vampire woman” with a sickle on her neck and a castle on her leg was found in Poland.

Bushfire smoke raised temperatures in Australia by three degrees

British climatologists studied the distribution of smoke in the stratosphere after bushfires in Australia in 2019–2020. They found that black carbon particles in the smoke increased the average temperature in the lower stratosphere by 0.7 degrees worldwide, with temperatures rising by three degrees over Australia. Additionally, the reaction of smoke and ozone has caused the… Continue reading Bushfire smoke raised temperatures in Australia by three degrees