Chemists have found ideal conditions for the hydrogen borrowing reaction

Chemists from Russia studied the hydrogen borrowing reaction necessary for the formation of carbon-nitrogen bonds. They found that it often does not require a catalyst at all, and also developed recommendations for successfully carrying out the reaction in the laboratory. The study was published in the journal Journal of Catalysis. Organic compounds containing an NH… Continue reading Chemists have found ideal conditions for the hydrogen borrowing reaction

Physicists have proven the importance of the mesoscale for quantum phase transitions

Low-temperature phase transitions in ferromagnets are characterized by destruction of the domain structure. In an article in Nature physicists write that for a theoretical description of the dynamics of such transitions, it is necessary to take into account not only microscopic, but also mesoscale symmetry. This discovery indicates the possibility of the existence of non-classical… Continue reading Physicists have proven the importance of the mesoscale for quantum phase transitions

Hamsters from the wet slopes of the Andes turned out to be larger than their relatives from the arid plains

Zoologists from Argentina, the USA and Chile have discovered that plateau hamsters Abrothrix hirta from the wet western slopes of the Andes are larger than relatives that inhabit the arid plains east of this mountain range. This pattern is explained by the fact that the abundance of precipitation has a positive effect on the growth… Continue reading Hamsters from the wet slopes of the Andes turned out to be larger than their relatives from the arid plains

Engineers have learned to touch the touch screen without contact

Engineers from China and Germany have created the GhostTouch device, which allows contactless control of capacitive touch screens, taking advantage of their design features and susceptibility to electromagnetic interference. The device can accurately simulate taps and swipes in different directions on the screens of many popular smartphones without touching them. Despite the fact that the… Continue reading Engineers have learned to touch the touch screen without contact

Metasurfaces emit entangled photons with variable wavelengths

American and German physicists have fabricated thin metasurfaces consisting of arrays of silicon nanocavities that exhibit spontaneous parametric scattering. They showed that such structures are capable of generating entangled photons. Unlike traditional media used for this, metasurfaces have greater flexibility, which allows the wavelength of the resulting photons to be changed by changing the pump… Continue reading Metasurfaces emit entangled photons with variable wavelengths

Superfluorescence on single nanoparticles was obtained at room temperature

American physicists were able to induce anti-Stokes superfluorescence of one or several lanthanide-doped nanoparticles at room temperature. The rate of collective emission of ions turned out to be four orders of magnitude greater than ordinary luminescence. This research opens the way to the use of single nanoparticles in the creation of optical processors. The study… Continue reading Superfluorescence on single nanoparticles was obtained at room temperature

Ornithischian dinosaurs began living in packs already in the Jurassic period

Paleontologists analyzed samples of primitive ornithischians Lesothosaurus diagnosticus, found together in South Africa, and concluded that ornithischian dinosaurs lived in packs as early as the Lower Jurassic. This is the second earliest example of the social lifestyle of ornithischians. The study was published in the journal Palaeontology. Lesothosauruses were small omnivorous dinosaurs that lived in… Continue reading Ornithischian dinosaurs began living in packs already in the Jurassic period

Physicists made photons interfere with magnons

Chinese physicists have demonstrated quantum interference between waves of different natures, namely between photons and magnons. They repeated the Hong-Wu-Mandel experiment, where dark polaritons excited in an atomic cloud acted as a beam splitter. By controlling the properties of polaritons using an additional laser, scientists could change the nature of the interference from bosonic to… Continue reading Physicists made photons interfere with magnons

Paleogeneticists read the genome of the “warrior with a griffin” from Nestor’s palace

Paleogeneticists have studied the origins of populations whose history is known from written sources. They discovered that the Mycenaeans arose from the mixing of Minoans and migrants whose origins were connected with the Eurasian steppe. However, the famous “warrior with a griffin,” whose rich burial was found in Pylos several years ago, did not have… Continue reading Paleogeneticists read the genome of the “warrior with a griffin” from Nestor’s palace

A 19th-century English farmer was accused of invading Australia by rabbits.

Biologists have found out who should be blamed for the environmental disaster caused by rabbits brought to Australia. Genetic analysis has shown that almost the entire local population of these animals descends from 13 wild and domestic individuals and their descendants, which were received from England in 1859 and released on his estate by settler… Continue reading A 19th-century English farmer was accused of invading Australia by rabbits.