Ornithologists have described a new bird species from the subantarctic islands

Ornithologists have described a new species of bird that lives on the Diego Ramirez Islands south of South America. It is called the subantarctic rayadito. In the past, the local population was thought to be the spiny-tailed rayadito, which is widespread in Chile and Argentina. However, the analysis showed that individuals from the Diego Ramirez… Continue reading Ornithologists have described a new bird species from the subantarctic islands

Wooden sickles more than 7,000 years old found in Italy

Archaeologists presented the results of a study of three wooden sickles discovered during underwater excavations at the Early Neolithic site of La Marmotta in Italy. It turned out that these tools were made more than seven thousand years ago from oak and wood belonging to the rose family. Ancient people used resin from pine trees… Continue reading Wooden sickles more than 7,000 years old found in Italy

The algorithm determined the mouse's pain level based on its muzzle expression

American scientists have developed a cloud platform that can assess the severity of pain in black laboratory mice. She analyzes the expression of the animal's face – the position of its nose, ears, whiskers and the degree of squinting of the eyes. Previously, researchers coped with this task manually, but, as the results show, the… Continue reading The algorithm determined the mouse's pain level based on its muzzle expression

Ozonation of the air caused the skin to create an oxidative field around a person

Chemists from Germany, the USA and Denmark have found that substances secreted by human skin lead to the formation of an oxidative field around it. Scientists placed four people in a sealed mock-up office and began ozonizing the air to a level close to the maximum permissible concentrations. The experiment showed that ozone interacts with… Continue reading Ozonation of the air caused the skin to create an oxidative field around a person

Hamsters from the wet slopes of the Andes turned out to be larger than their relatives from the arid plains

Zoologists from Argentina, the USA and Chile have discovered that plateau hamsters Abrothrix hirta from the wet western slopes of the Andes are larger than relatives that inhabit the arid plains east of this mountain range. This pattern is explained by the fact that the abundance of precipitation has a positive effect on the growth… Continue reading Hamsters from the wet slopes of the Andes turned out to be larger than their relatives from the arid plains

Traces of cockroach ootheca found in Jomon period ceramics

Archaeologists have examined 4,000- to 5,300-year-old Jomon period pottery discovered in Japan. In five artifacts they found traces of cockroach ootheca. One of them was laid by Japanese cockroaches (Periplaneta japonica), the rest look like smoky cockroaches (P. fulinginosa). Previously, it was believed that the latter species was brought to Japan only in the 18th–19th… Continue reading Traces of cockroach ootheca found in Jomon period ceramics

The return of bison has made the prairie vegetation more diverse

The reintroduction of bison to areas of the prairie where they once lived but were exterminated by humans has a positive effect on the local flora, American ecologists have found. After analyzing the results of an experiment lasting about thirty years, they found that in the presence of bison, the species diversity of prairie plants… Continue reading The return of bison has made the prairie vegetation more diverse

Evolution forced mammals to recreate salivary proteins fifteen times

American bioinformaticians have discovered traces in the genomes of mammals of 15 independent occurrences of new proteins responsible for the viscosity of saliva. According to the findings of the authors of a study published in Science Advancesthe culprit is a region of the genome with a high mutation rate and selection pressure during the evolutionary… Continue reading Evolution forced mammals to recreate salivary proteins fifteen times

Ornithischian dinosaurs began living in packs already in the Jurassic period

Paleontologists analyzed samples of primitive ornithischians Lesothosaurus diagnosticus, found together in South Africa, and concluded that ornithischian dinosaurs lived in packs as early as the Lower Jurassic. This is the second earliest example of the social lifestyle of ornithischians. The study was published in the journal Palaeontology. Lesothosauruses were small omnivorous dinosaurs that lived in… Continue reading Ornithischian dinosaurs began living in packs already in the Jurassic period

DNA dating back 30,000 to 70,000 years was found in a Levantine cave.

Paleogeneticists read DNA from Pleistocene sediment samples recovered from Israel's Sephunima Cave. In layers ranging from 30 to 70 thousand years old, they were able to find fragments of mitochondrial DNA from representatives of the deer and hyena families. These are the oldest examples for deposits originating from a region with a climate similar to… Continue reading DNA dating back 30,000 to 70,000 years was found in a Levantine cave.