Chemists have found ideal conditions for the hydrogen borrowing reaction

Chemists from Russia studied the hydrogen borrowing reaction necessary for the formation of carbon-nitrogen bonds. They found that it often does not require a catalyst at all, and also developed recommendations for successfully carrying out the reaction in the laboratory. The study was published in the journal Journal of Catalysis. Organic compounds containing an NH… Continue reading Chemists have found ideal conditions for the hydrogen borrowing reaction

Spectrometer based on LEGO constructor will make studying physics cheaper

German physics teachers made a universal spectrometer in the Czerny-Turner scheme using LEGO constructors and scrap materials. The authors showed that it can be used to study the spectra of atomic emission, transmission, reflection and fluorescence. Reconfiguring the device for different tasks takes a few minutes, and the total cost of the device does not… Continue reading Spectrometer based on LEGO constructor will make studying physics cheaper

The burial of a “vampire woman” with a sickle on her neck and a castle on her leg was found in Poland.

Archaeologists have discovered the burial of a “vampire woman” in Poland dating back to the 17th century. An iron sickle lay across the deceased's neck, and there was a padlock on the big toe of her left foot. As reported by Arkeonews, perhaps the reason for the unusual ritual was the appearance of the deceased.… Continue reading The burial of a “vampire woman” with a sickle on her neck and a castle on her leg was found in Poland.

Physicists have proven the importance of the mesoscale for quantum phase transitions

Low-temperature phase transitions in ferromagnets are characterized by destruction of the domain structure. In an article in Nature physicists write that for a theoretical description of the dynamics of such transitions, it is necessary to take into account not only microscopic, but also mesoscale symmetry. This discovery indicates the possibility of the existence of non-classical… Continue reading Physicists have proven the importance of the mesoscale for quantum phase transitions

Compression socks protected the intestines of marathon runners from damage

Australian sports doctors, with the participation of fifty runners, studied how compression socks affect the effects of running on the digestive system. After the marathon, those who ran in knee socks had lower levels of a protein marker of small intestinal damage. In an article published in The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Researchthe authors… Continue reading Compression socks protected the intestines of marathon runners from damage

The smell of a woman prevented an antidepressant from calming mice

Scientists from the USA and Cyprus have found that the gender of the experimenter can influence the results of medical experiments on mice. It turned out that the smell of men causes stress in animals and a desire to escape from its source. But if a man injects a mouse with an antidepressant, its effect… Continue reading The smell of a woman prevented an antidepressant from calming mice

The January eruption of the Tonga volcano triggered a 90 meter high tsunami.

The initial height of the tsunami caused by the eruption of the Hunga Tonga Hunga Ha'apai volcano on January 15, 2022 was 90 meters. These conclusions were reached by researchers from the UK, New Zealand, Croatia and Japan, who analyzed changes in atmospheric pressure and sea level and created nine models of a volcanic tsunami.… Continue reading The January eruption of the Tonga volcano triggered a 90 meter high tsunami.

The genome of the “immortal” jellyfish has been sequenced

Spanish scientists have compiled a list of genes that are likely responsible for the “immortality” of the jellyfish Turritopsis dohrnii. To do this, they sequenced its genome and compared it with the genome of a jellyfish. Turritopsis rubra. It turned out that the “immortal” jellyfish, unlike its relative, acquired additional copies – up to eight… Continue reading The genome of the “immortal” jellyfish has been sequenced

Evolution forced mammals to recreate salivary proteins fifteen times

American bioinformaticians have discovered traces in the genomes of mammals of 15 independent occurrences of new proteins responsible for the viscosity of saliva. According to the findings of the authors of a study published in Science Advancesthe culprit is a region of the genome with a high mutation rate and selection pressure during the evolutionary… Continue reading Evolution forced mammals to recreate salivary proteins fifteen times

Insulin pump restores brain structure in diabetic teenagers

Researchers from the United States have found out how different methods of insulin administration affect brain development in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Typically, this disease causes changes in the structure of the brain and leads to a decrease in cognitive abilities. But as it turned out, those who used an advanced insulin pump (which… Continue reading Insulin pump restores brain structure in diabetic teenagers