Poor protein utilization contributes to neurodegeneration

Neurodegeneration can occur more quickly if nerve cells lack retromer proteins, which are responsible for breaking down toxic tau protein. This conclusion was reached by scientists who observed genetically modified fruit flies that produced human tau protein in 39 neurons of the eye. Tau protein itself already caused the death of nerve cells, and the… Continue reading Poor protein utilization contributes to neurodegeneration

Heterogeneous catalyst reduces the cost of synthesis of cyclic polymers

Chemists from the USA, South Korea, Hungary and Switzerland have developed a heterogeneous ruthenium-based catalyst for the synthesis of cyclic polymers from cyclopentene. They also managed to come up with a reaction installation that makes it easy to separate the catalyst from the reaction products. The study was published in Nature Chemistry. Linear polymers containing… Continue reading Heterogeneous catalyst reduces the cost of synthesis of cyclic polymers

The first South Korean lunar probe sent the first photo of the Earth and the Moon

The Danuri probe, which became South Korea's first lunar probe, sent back to Earth the first image of the Earth and the Moon. Thus, engineers confirmed the functionality of the camera, which examined the far side of the Moon from an unusual distance, according to the website of the Korean Astronomy and Space Science Institute… Continue reading The first South Korean lunar probe sent the first photo of the Earth and the Moon

Chemists have found ideal conditions for the hydrogen borrowing reaction

Chemists from Russia studied the hydrogen borrowing reaction necessary for the formation of carbon-nitrogen bonds. They found that it often does not require a catalyst at all, and also developed recommendations for successfully carrying out the reaction in the laboratory. The study was published in the journal Journal of Catalysis. Organic compounds containing an NH… Continue reading Chemists have found ideal conditions for the hydrogen borrowing reaction

The burial of a “vampire woman” with a sickle on her neck and a castle on her leg was found in Poland.

Archaeologists have discovered the burial of a “vampire woman” in Poland dating back to the 17th century. An iron sickle lay across the deceased's neck, and there was a padlock on the big toe of her left foot. As reported by Arkeonews, perhaps the reason for the unusual ritual was the appearance of the deceased.… Continue reading The burial of a “vampire woman” with a sickle on her neck and a castle on her leg was found in Poland.

Hormone injections improve cognitive performance in Down syndrome

Injections of a hormone from the hypothalamus, which is responsible for the development of the genital organs and is commonly used to treat infertility, have been able to improve cognitive performance in people with Down syndrome. This was discovered by European scientists who conducted a study on seven young men. After six months of living… Continue reading Hormone injections improve cognitive performance in Down syndrome

The algorithm determined the mouse's pain level based on its muzzle expression

American scientists have developed a cloud platform that can assess the severity of pain in black laboratory mice. She analyzes the expression of the animal's face – the position of its nose, ears, whiskers and the degree of squinting of the eyes. Previously, researchers coped with this task manually, but, as the results show, the… Continue reading The algorithm determined the mouse's pain level based on its muzzle expression

Scientists disprove stereotype of lazy cannabis users

British researchers have refuted the stereotype that people who smoke marijuana are more apathetic and unmotivated. They tested cannabis users and non-users for apathy and anhedonia, and conducted a series of reward-related behavioral tests. The results showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups. A study conducted among adults and adolescents was… Continue reading Scientists disprove stereotype of lazy cannabis users

Ingenuity survived the Martian winter

The Martian drone Ingenuity made its first full flight after two months of inactivity, thereby confirming that it successfully survived the coldest part of the Martian winter. In the near future, the drone will receive a software update and will go to explore the delta of the ancient river in the Jezero crater. reported on… Continue reading Ingenuity survived the Martian winter

Hamsters from the wet slopes of the Andes turned out to be larger than their relatives from the arid plains

Zoologists from Argentina, the USA and Chile have discovered that plateau hamsters Abrothrix hirta from the wet western slopes of the Andes are larger than relatives that inhabit the arid plains east of this mountain range. This pattern is explained by the fact that the abundance of precipitation has a positive effect on the growth… Continue reading Hamsters from the wet slopes of the Andes turned out to be larger than their relatives from the arid plains